Forex Trading

Forex Currency Pairs: The Ultimate 2022 Guide + Cheat Sheet

This is my favorite part because now we get to dig into the various classifications of currency pairs. And later, I’ll uncover the pairs that are affected by changing commodity prices as well as a few of the safe haven currencies. And this is everything you need to know about how to read Forex currency pairs.

how to read forex pairs

The x-axis will show each day, week, or month that the line represents, while the y-axis will represent the closing prices. Each connecting point in the line represents the price at which a particular currency pair closed on that day. A line chart is by far the simplest of all forex charts out there. As you probably guessed, it is a basic line graph, one that only plots the closing price of a currency pair from one day to the next.

Trading With Minors

When buying a currency pair, investors purchase the base currency and sell the quoted currency. The bid price represents the amount of quote currency needed to receive one unit of the base currency. Investments involve risks and are not suitable for all investors. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 81% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.

  • So even though the Aussie was riding the gold wave at the time (which wasn’t very impressive as you’ll see below), the US dollar was strengthening at a faster pace.
  • The amount of time shown on the chart depends on the particular timeframe you select.
  • The Forex trading market is open 24 hours a day, 5 days a week.
  • The bid price, on the other hand, is the highest price a prospective buyer is willing to pay for a security, and the bid-ask spread is the difference between them.

It should not come as a surprise that the most popular currency pairs on the market are the majors. The most traded currency around the world is the United States dollar, which is not a surprise at all. In fact, smooth price action is a characteristic of liquid markets, and extremely sharp moves are more common in less liquid markets. The deep liquidity of the general Forex market, and the major currency pairs in particular increases the ease of transactions. The latter is opposed to financial markets with thin liquidity, where it may sometimes be difficult to enter or exit a trade readily.

Let’s go through the main types of forex charts so that we can better understand the benefits of each. By using a detailed live chart you can detect the early stages of price movements and buy or sell accordingly. This quick and simple guide will show you exactly how you can make sense of your forex charts to make smarter, more informed trades. We’ll use real examples of various types of forex charts to break down how you can get the most value out of this essential trading resource. If you are new to forex trading, you have probably noticed all of the charts that dominated forex trading platforms and forex news sites.


When you buy a currency pair, you buy the base currency, and sell the quote currency. The majority of the currency pairs are very much affected by the ongoing events in politics around the world, such as elections, for example. Recently, it was shown by the US’s Presidential Debate of 2020 that politics have a huge impact on the price of the currency of the country.

Currency charts help traders evaluate market behaviour, and help them determinewhere the currency will be in the future. Suppose you believe the euro is going to increase in value relative to your currency (let’s say dollar). To learn the price you need to pay, you check the price of a euro. Leveraged trading in foreign currency or off-exchange products on margin carries significant risk and may not be suitable for all investors. We advise you to carefully consider whether trading is appropriate for you based on your personal circumstances. We recommend that you seek independent advice and ensure you fully understand the risks involved before trading.

Supposing that you think the Euro will weaken, and the US Dollar will strengthen, you will likely want to sell the Euro and buy the US dollar. Now that you’ve got the basics down, it’s time to take your knowledge to another level. The meaning of this hypothetical quote is that 1 USD equals .7352 EUR. If you divide 1 by .7352 the result is 1.36—the two results look different, but the relationship between the two currencies remains the same. Understanding these terms in a little more depth can help you as you get ready to set up your initial trades.

how to read forex pairs

It is the amount of quote you will get when you decide to sell one unit of the base currency. Unlike other trading markets, when you are trading Forex, you are buying one currency while selling another one. Although etoro broker review these currency pairs are not as popular as Majors and Minors, there still are a lot of people who trade them on daily basis. Even the most experienced traders are sometimes having a hard time making that decision.

He’s been interviewed by Stocks & Commodities Magazine as a featured trader for the month and is mentioned weekly by Forex Factory next to publications from CNN and Bloomberg. Justin created Daily Price Action in 2014 and has since grown the monthly readership to over 100,000 Forex traders and has personally mentored more than 3,000 students. And if you aren’t familiar with these currency correlations, you can inadvertently double your risk. A currency pair’s correlation refers to the similarities shared by various pairings. These commonalities lead to both positive and negative associations.

Before making any investment decisions, you should seek advice from independent financial advisors to ensure you understand the risks. The high and low price points are then represented by a thin line extending from the top and bottom of each bar – the “wick” of the candle. Indices come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from the most widely known S&P 500 , Dow Jones to the Nasdaq 100 , all the way to the FTSE, DAX, or NIKKEI Index. The quote currency or counter currency is the currency we are quoting against the base currency.

When you read a currency pair, you’ll always pit the base currency against the counter currency to determine the price. In Forex, currency pair is the quotation of two different currencies, with the value of the one currency being quoted against the other. Currency pairs are comparing the value of a certain currency to another. The difference between the bid and the ask is calledthe spread. Contrary to what you may think when you begin exploring the forex market, a bid price is not the price you’ll bid when you want to buy a currency pair. You can also read the best strategy onhow to use currency strength for trading success.

Forex currency pairs explained – How to trade them

Major pairs can be bought and sold in significantly large sizes without huge variances in their exchange rate. Some of the pairs with the highest liquidity are EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/JPY, and others. On the other hand, there are other currency pairs that are low in liquidity. Thus, they cannot be bought or sold in significant sizes without large variances in their exchange rate. Courtesy This is the quotation of two different currencies, with the value of one quoted against the other. The first currency listed in the forex pair is called the base currency while the second currency is called the quote currency.

Also, consider economic news releases, technical chart analysis, and other events while choosing the currency pair to trade. For people who have just begun their Forex trading journey, it is recommended to start trading major currency pairs before experimenting with minors and exotics. Spread covers the broker’s commission and related trading fees.

This is because they have the most liquidity, lowest spreads and the broadest range of movements. The economic and political institutions of these nations are generally long established and predictable compared to other nations. For the non-JPY quotes, the third and fourth figures after the decimal place represent pips.

Further reading on currency pairs and forex trading

For example, the chart above (Euro vs. U.S. Dollar) shows how the exchange rate between Euros and US dollars has fluctuated over time. Forex is the business of conversion, and since you are always comparing the value of one currency to another, forex isalwaysquoted in pairs. However, no matter your trading method, you’ll need to know how to read a forex chart – there’s no escaping it. Luckily, we created this detailed guide to help you get started. Traders buy currency at the ask price and sell at the bid price.

Many people are having a hard time understanding which currency pair to trade. This is a very personal thing and largely depends on the experience that you have not only in the Forex trading market but also etoro review with the currency that you want to trade. In a quote, the currency pair is often followed by a bid and ask price, which will reveal the spread and the number of pips between the broker’s bid and ask price.

Learning To Trade The ‘Order Block’ Forex Strategy

Basically, the bid is the amount of quote currency you will need to pay to buy the base currency. Other major currency pairs include USD/CHF, AUD/USD, USD/CAD, USD/JPY, and GBP/USD. In some cases, AUD/USD and USD/CAD are called commodities currencies because Australia and Canada are very rich when it comes to commodities. Before you do any trading, you first have to learn how to read Forex currency pairs.

What Is the Base and Quoted Currency?

Last but not least, it’s important to remember that the relationship between the base and quote currency is always changing. So just because the EURUSD is rallying in the current session doesn’t mean it will be tomorrow or even one hour from now. The crosses are any currency pair that doesn’t feature the USD and they do not hold any less profit potential than alvexo forex broker the majors. Too much US Dollar exposure can lead to all your trades heading in the same direction, a big problem if that direction is against you. Currencies are traded in pairs as their value is relative to one another. The pair system might seem daunting at first but it’s extremely simple – you will learn it the fastest on a real-time forex simulator.

The difference between the bid and ask price is called a spread indicated by pips. Fundamental, technical, quantitative… There are a number of methods used by forex traders to predict the movements of currency pairs. Some traders focus on news, interest rates and economic variables while others prefer to usecharting toolsand indicators to guide their trading decisions. A forex quote is the price of one currency in terms of another currency. These quotes always involve currency pairs because you are buying one currency by selling another. For example, the price of one Euro may cost $1.1404 when viewing the EUR/USD currency pair.

There are other important things you need to learn before you start trading Forex, though. The PivotPoints.All-in-One indicator is used on the chartThere are three categories that forex currency pairs usually fall into. Forex traders often make reference to pips when explaining how far the market moved on a particular day. A pip is a single digit move in the fourth decimal place of a forex quote but be aware of the exception in JPY quotes which is explained in our article, “What is a Pip? The fact of the matter is that when you are looking for currency pairs to trade, the thing that really can make a difference is your interests.

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